ॐ नमः शिवाय

Tuesday, January 12, 2010

Evolution of Open Source Development

Evolution of Open Source

Richard Stallman, an employee at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), became involved with open source software in 1971. In the early days, user groups included the SHARE group for IBM 701 and the DECUS group for Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC). At that time, operating systems (such as UNIX) provided academics and researchers a template for their work.

In 1983, Richard Stallman launched the GNU project to develop an OS with the source code available to the public. Soon after the project, he coined the phrase "free software" and founded the Free Software Foundation.

The Linux Kernel, developed by Linus Torvalds, was released as source code in 1991. When Stallman and his team integrated the Linux code with their work, the first free OS was born. The software created from this code union, commonly known as Linux or GNU/Linux, is still available today.

In 1993, both GNU/Linux and 386BSD were reasonably stable platforms. Since then, 386BSD has evolved into a family of BSD based operating systems (NetBSD, FreeBSD and OpenBSD). The Linux Kernel is still evolving and is being used in many variants like Debian, Red Hat, Suse, Mandrake and Ubuntu.

Over the years, many open source products have developed a niche in the industry and have been well accepted in many organizations. Some of the popular products in use today are Apache, Perl, MySQL, GNOME, KDE and Mozilla. Companies of all shapes and sizes are exploring new economic models to succeed in the highly competitive software market. Emerging markets like Russia, India, Mexico and China have embraced open source and the scope has widened to social networking and Web2.0.
The Evolution of Open Source Development

Bookmark and Share

No comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for visiting and commenting on my blog, If i liked your comment I may put it with your link (without a nofollow) on my post. Thanks in Advance..!!